Looking at the adjustment and optimization of Chin

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Beijing, November 24 - 2011 is the first year of the 12th Five Year Plan. In the face of multiple international and domestic risks and challenges, how the government can steadily achieve economic restructuring, scientifically handle the relationship between speed and speed, and solve the unbalanced, uncoordinated and unsustainable problems in development is an important prerequisite for doing a good job in all work

looking back on the coming year, the strategic adjustment of China's economic structure has achieved initial results. Looking forward to the future development trend, China's industry is undergoing a blood exchange movement and is moving forward to the track of endogenous growth and innovation driven without hesitation

steady progress: China's industrial structure has accelerated the adjustment and transformation

since 2011, in the face of new changes in the international economic environment and new conditions in domestic economic operation, the adjustment of industrial structure has been advancing steadily

according to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, in the first three quarters, the national industrial investment reached 9.04 trillion yuan, of which the manufacturing investment was 7.29 trillion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 26.5% and 31.5% respectively. The regulation of electrolytic aluminum, flat glass, coal chemical industry and other industries has been strengthened

in the first year of the 12th Five Year Plan, the task of eliminating backward production capacity is very arduous, for which Miao Wei, Minister of industry and information technology, was quite worried at the beginning of the year. However, it is gratifying that the task of eliminating backward production capacity in 18 industrial industries in 2011 has been completed. By the end of September, 90% of the task of eliminating backward production capacity in 2255 enterprises has been completed, and 70% of the backward production lines and backward production equipment have been removed

in the production workshop of Shaolin automobile in Henan Province, pure electric city buses are about to go offline. These new energy vehicles will soon become an important part of urban public transportation, adding a touch of green to urban transportation. Independent brand vehicles should not only continue to become stronger and bigger, but also take a shortcut to catch up with foreign enterprises in new energy vehicles. Zhou Jumin, chairman of Shaolin automobile, said confidently

as a representative of emerging industries, in addition to meeting the technical requirements of this standard, 2011 is the development year of new energy vehicles. 25 demonstration cities for the promotion and use of new energy vehicles have begun pilot projects nationwide, and pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles have begun to enter the market

during the 12th Five Year Plan period, the focus of China's industrial development is not to pursue higher growth rate, but to make greater efforts to optimize the industrial structure, strive to improve the quality and efficiency of development, enhance the ability of sustainable development, and accelerate the transformation of development mode to connotation intensive, quality and efficiency. Miao Wei told Xinhua news agency

three problems: stand out in the siege

A Research Report released by his global perspective, an American economic consulting agency, shows that China's manufacturing industry accounted for 19.8% of the world in 2011, surpassing the United States (19.4%) to become the world's largest manufacturing country

at the same time, we must also admit that China is not yet an industrial power, and we are still in the middle and lower reaches of the global industry chain with a very wide speed range and beam moving distance. Su Bo, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that among the 500 most valuable brands in the world in 2010, only 17 were Chinese manufacturing brands, and the top 100 were unknown

throughout the 12th Five Year Plan, Su Bo believes that resource and environmental constraints, rising factor costs and intensifying international competition are the three major problems facing China's industrial restructuring. If a country with a population of more than 1.3 billion wants to realize industrialization, the first thing to consider is the supply and security of resources. The outline of the 12th Five year plan clearly points out that during the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's water consumption per unit of industrial added value should be reduced by 30%, energy consumption per unit of GDP should be reduced by 16%, and carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP should be reduced by 17%. How to break through the constraints of resources and environment is an arduous and urgent task

industrial and information transmission system: there are mainly two kinds of transmission parts of electronic universal experimental machine. Zheng Xin, director of the Department of small and medium enterprises of the Ministry of information and chemistry, revealed that although the prices of some raw materials in the international market have fallen recently, in fact, the prices of energy and raw materials are still high. In addition, China's wage costs are also rising. Since this year, many provinces in China have raised the minimum wage standard

facing this situation, we have no choice but to create higher value to absorb the rise of factor costs. Su Bo said

looking back on the financial crisis that began in 2008, the United States, Britain, Germany, Japan and other countries have put forward new ideas such as Reindustrialization, low-carbon economy, smart earth, and actively seize the commanding heights of future development. India, Vietnam, Malaysia and other developing countries use lower resources and labor costs than China to attract capital and seize the market

development and rise has never been an easy and ordinary thing. Su Bo believes that in the coming period, all kinds of unpredictable competition and interference will continue to appear. Whether we can break out of the siege in the siege depends on the courage and wisdom of the Chinese people

independent innovation: transformation and upgrading towards the high end of the value chain

if China's industry has grown from scratch through the development of the first 30 years after the founding of new China, and from small to large through the development of more than 30 years after the reform and opening up, then the mission of China's industrial development in the coming period is to achieve a historical leap from big to strong. To achieve this leap, independent innovation is undoubtedly the most important engine

only with their own technology and equipment can they control the fate of enterprises in the global market. In the 10 years since China entered the WTO, many national self owned brand cars have sprung up in the vision of the people, but most of them are concentrated in the middle and low-end market. To shorten the distance from the world's auto powers as soon as possible, we need to think more and work more on the level of R & D and manufacturing. Zhou Jumin's words speak out the aspirations of many Chinese enterprises

Su Bo said that focusing on the goals of structural adjustment and industrial transformation and upgrading, China's industrial transformation and upgrading in the next five years will focus on enhancing the independent innovation ability of enterprises. Without major technological improvements, it is difficult to expect the development level of traditional industries to achieve a qualitative improvement. Similarly, without major technological inventions and breakthroughs, emerging industries cannot be born, because the core of strategic emerging industries is new technology, which follows the basic path of technological invention, achievement transformation and industrial rise

in the first year of the 12th Five Year Plan, the horn of China's transformation of the mode of economic development has been sounded in an all-round way

according to Miao Wei, throughout the 12th Five Year Plan period, China will guide industrial enterprises to increase investment in innovation. By the end of the 12th Five Year Plan, the internal expenditure of R & D funds of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size will account for 1% of their main business income, and key backbone enterprises will account for more than 3%. At the same time, the proportion of technological transformation investment in industrial fixed assets investment, technological equipment investment in technological transformation investment, and the proportion of technological equipment investment with independent intellectual property rights in technological equipment investment will also be significantly increased

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