Overview of hydropower in the hottest world Argent

2022-09-21
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Overview of world hydropower: Argentina

the Ministry of water resources is responsible for the formulation of water resources policies and the integrated management of water resources. State owned companies or enterprise mutual aid associations are responsible for the treatment and supply of water resources in major cities in the country, with about 83 9% of the population has drinking water supply

there are 115 large dams in operation, including 54 earth rock dams, 42 concrete dams and 19 hybrid dams. The total storage capacity of all reservoirs is about 144 27 km3。

the total water consumption of the country is 34 KM3 (71% of surface water and 29% of groundwater). The proportion of water used by various industries is: 13% for domestic use, 71% for agriculture, 7% for Industry and 9% for livestock. Affected by the large water consumption in the capital Buenos Aires, the per capita water consumption in urban areas is 400 l/day and that in rural areas is 250 L/day. 80% of the population has access to water supply system

the power wholesale market management company is responsible for the management of the power market, and the National Electricity Regulatory Commission (enre) is an independent entity in the field of energy management in the country, responsible for drafting regulations for the power industry and managing hydropower concession contracts

as of December 2012, the total installed capacity of all power stations in operation in the country was 31056 MW (1354 MW/a newly installed capacity or even an indispensable equipment), of which about 76% were private, while 62% of the hydropower installed capacity (including pumped storage) was private

the total power generation in 2012 is 125381gw · h, and the specific proportion is: Hydropower 29 1%, nuclear power 4 7%, conventional thermal power 65 6%, etc. About 0.3% of electricity consumption is imported from Brazil. Export 279 GW · h of electricity to Uruguay. In the same year, the peak power demand was 21949mw. In 2011, the peak power demand growth rate was about 4%. In 2010, the total amount of major energy consumption was 83253 mtoe. Only 5% of the Argentine population has no electricity, of which 30% are distributed in rural areas. The average pre tax electricity price of residential electricity is $27/mw · h, and that of industrial electricity is $58/mw · H

hydropower development

the total theoretical hydropower reserve of the country is about 170000gw · H/year, and the technically exploitable capacity is about 130000 GW · H/year

as of December 2012, the total installed capacity of hydropower is about 11148mw, of which pumped storage accounts for 764.4 MW (including grand power station, etc.). Due to the lack of investment, the proportion of installed hydropower is decreasing year by year. In the past 10 years, the average annual power generation of hydropower stations was 40000gw · H. In 2011, the actual power generation of hydropower stations was 36626gw · h, accounting for about 29. 5% of the country's total power generation 2% 。

the capacity expansion construction of yacyret á hydropower station has been completed, with an additional installed capacity of 350 MW. Putiangara dam is a concrete face rockfill dam with a height of 97 m and a length of 540 M. the installed capacity of the power station is 62 and MW can be continuously tested. All units were put into operation at the end of 2015. Erborson dam is a RCC dam with a height of 64 m and a crest length of 380 M

asileta Hydropower Station

several dam projects have been built in Patagonia, Argentina. C ó ndor cliff and La barrancosa are located on the Santa Cruz River in the south of the country, and chihuido 1 hydropower project is located on the neuken River in the north of Patagonia. The dam is a concrete face rockfill dam with a dam height of 104m. The planned installed hydropower capacity is about 9000 MW, of which the main hydropower projects include Corpus Christi (40 m high rockfill dam), chivedo 2 (78 m high RCC dam), Los Blancos 1 (135 m high concrete face rockfill dam), Los Blancos 2 (47 m high concrete face rockfill dam) jointly developed with Paraguay

the Garab í hydropower project on the Uruguay River is a project jointly built by Argentina and Brazil. The environmental impact assessment was carried out by the advisory group composed of personnel from the two countries. The installed capacity of the project is 1156 MW, including an earth dam with a height of 8 m for food contact materials and products, although it is not 1 m for food

at present, there are 27 small and micro hydropower stations (less than 15 MW) in operation, with a total installed capacity of about 66 MW. The total installed capacity of planned small and micro hydropower stations is about 17 MW. The country has 12 wind farms with a total installed capacity of 14 MW, so as to realize the comprehensive protection of experimental facilities. In Patagonia, chubout Province, Valdes Peninsula and other regions, tidal energy has great potential for power generation, and the annual average power generation is expected to reach 8000 GW · H

in recent years, Argentina has adopted legislation to support and promote the development of renewable energy. By 2016, renewable energy power generation accounted for 8% of the total power generation

prospects

Argentina has developed a legal framework for environmental impact assessment. Environmental impact assessment must be carried out during the design, construction and operation of dam and Hydropower Station projects

with the continuous growth of the country's GDP, the construction of new hydropower stations will be gradually promoted. The government will provide incentive policies and strengthen management for developers through a transparent system to attract more hydropower investors. According to the plan, by 2030, the energy structure of the country will account for 38% of hydropower, 32% of thermal power, 12% of nuclear power and 18% of renewable power generation. This means that the annual growth rate of hydropower installation can reach 3% - 5%

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